The quality of healthcare is worse in poorer areas
People who live in the most deprived areas of England suffer from lower quality NHS care than people in the least deprived areas. For example, they spend longer in A&E and have a worse experience of making a GP appointment. However, the ‘inequality gap’ has narrowed in several areas, such as unplanned hospital admissions for asthma, diabetes and epilepsy in children, recovery rates following psychological therapy and people being able to die at their usual place of residence.
Schools in deprived areas are getting less funding than they used to
A new national funding formula introduced by the Department for Education in 2018/19 has contributed to a shift in the balance of funding from more deprived schools to less deprived schools. Although more deprived areas and schools still receive more per-pupil funding than those that are less deprived, the difference in funding has narrowed. Between 2017-18 and 2020-21, average per-pupil funding in the most deprived fifth of schools fell in real terms by 1.2%, while per-pupil funding in the least deprived fifth increased by 2.9%.
Left behind neighbourhoods have worse transport
People who live in ‘left behind’ neighbourhoods (such as coastal communities and on the outskirts of post-industrial towns and cities) are disconnected from town and city centres as well as access to essential services. This is due to a combination of low levels of car ownership - making them more reliant on public transport - and poor quality and availability of public transport. Local authority-supported bus services in these areas have declined by 35% in six years, while commercial bus services have declined by 11% over the same timeframe.